1) Which group of colonies was experiencing the most rapid population growth in the eighteenth century?

1) Which group of colonies was experiencing the most rapid population growth in the eighteenth century?A) the Portuguese coloniesB) the French coloniesC) the Spanish coloniesD) the British colonies2) What practice formed a customary part of trading ritual between American colonists and natives?A) hand-washingB) gift-givingC) kissing of the handD) smoking of a mixture of tobacco and sage3) Which religious denomination in 1760s Virginia had almost all biracial congregations consisting of both free and enslaved members?A) BaptistB) Roman CatholicC) PresbyterianD) Anglican4) The ‘ideal’ republican woman during the early republican period was free to pursue her own economic self-interest.A) TrueB) False5) In the original British mainland colonies, how did the proportion of slaves in a colony’s total population relate to the level of support in that colony for the patriot cause?A) the greater the proportion of a colony’s total population were slaves, the less likely that colony was to fully support the revolutionary causeB) the smaller the proportion of a colony’s total population were slaves, the less likely that colony was to fully support the revolutionary causeC) the greater the proportion of a colony’s total population were slaves, the more likely that colony was to fully support the revolutionary causeD) there was no meaningful correlation between the proportion of a colony’s population that was enslaved and the degree of support in that colony for the Revolutionary War5)What attitude held by the Puritans factored into the greater value placed on education in the New England colonies?A) the importance they placed on being able to read the BibleB) the need to maintain intellectual and cultural continuity with the mother countryC) the Puritans thought that only an educated people could be entrusted with democracyD) their belief that literacy was the key to prosperity and hence God’s favor7) The new racist theories that emerged in the postrevolutionary years were a result of over ten thousand blacks having fought on the British side.A) TrueB) False8) At the time of its first contact with Europeans, Aztec societyA) was split along religious lines between the adherents of the Feathered Serpent and those of the Horned SerpentB) overthrew Montezuma and instituted the western hemisphere’s first democracyC) was classless and egalitarianD) attached great importance to the practice of human sacrifice9) Roger Williams ran afoul of Puritan authorities in the Massachusetts Colony byA) establishing ‘Praying Towns’B) questioning the traditional gender rolesC) teaching that the Native Americans did not need to become Christians to be savedD) preaching separation of Church and State10) John Peter Zenger was imprisoned for seditious libel in 1733 because ofA) stockpiling arms with the intent to raise a private militiaB) publishing a pamphlet arguing for the repeal of government censorship, and freedom of the pressC) his suggestion that the American colonies were suffering economically as a result of England’s poor relations with other European powersD) his criticisms of the policies of New York’s governor, William Cosby.11) The primary reason Europeans vied for control of the Lesser Antilles was forA) sugarB) cocoaC) tobaccoD) coffee12) What was the major benefit to the American side in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga by the patriot forces in 1775?A) it provided a springboard for the American invasion of CanadaB) it provided the American side with badly-needed munitionsC) It convinced the native tribes to stay out of the warD) it convinced the French to enter the war on the American side13) During the American Revolution, why did the British planters in the West Indies support the British?A) because of the lack in the West Indies of anyone to explain the American point of viewB) because of their economic and military dependence on BritainC) because of their fervent Anglican beliefsD) because of the high proportion of colonists with ties to the British royal family14) Which of the following was NOT an outcome of the Columbian Exchange of the 15-16th centuries?A) the importation of smallpox from America to EurasiaB) the transfer of eatable livestock from Europe to the AmericasC) the importation of malaria from Africa to the AmericasD) the transfer of vegetable crops from the Americas to Europe15) Which of the following reforms was made by the Virginia Colony and set it apart from Spanish colonies?A) the shifting of some governmental control to the colonists via an elected assemblyB) a ban on the enslavement of IndiansC) the reestablishment of the Church of England’s authority in the colonyD) the banning of indentured servitude16) The growth of enslavement of Africans by Europeans can be traced toA) the demand for laborers in the Portuguese sugar plantations of the Madeira IslandsB) the demand for Egyptian cotton whose production was more labor-intensive than any European cropC) treaties between European colonial powers and central African kingdoms promising arms in exchange for slavesD) the elaborate racist ideologies crafted by 18th century European intelligentsia17) In the years following the American Revolution the Confederation Congress initiated negotiations whichA) quickly restored all of the trade with Great Britain which they had lost during the warB) forced Spain into keeping the Mississippi open to American shippingC) opened formerly Indian territory to Euro-American settlement by means of treaties whose legitimacy the affected tribes deniedD) persuaded the states to welcome returning loyalists and let them sue in American courts to get back property confiscated from them during the war18) In Iroquois society, elder womenA) chose the village chiefB) not uncommonly rose to the position of chiefC) served as priestesses and therefore as intermediaries between tribal members and the godsD) served on the female village council, which ruled women’s affairs19) Which of the following was characteristic of the Spanish model of colonization?A) strict control of the colonies by the Spanish government centered in MadridB) the use of financial incentives to encourage whole families and single women to settle in new coloniesC) enforcement of draconian laws against intermarriage between the Spanish and the native peoplesD) a light-handed and permissive approach by the central government toward the activities of the colonies20) What was the first successful American play?A) Thomas Godfrey’s The Prince of ParthiaB) James Herne’s Margaret FlemingC) Royall Tyler’s The ContrastD) H.J. Conway’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin21) In the middle of the nineteenth century, the SouthA) had a dramatically lower birth rate than the NorthB) built more miles of railroad than the North because it gave top priority to transporting its crops to its port citiesC) got behind more social reform movements than the North because of the strong impact of the Second Great Awakening on the regionD) was unable to develop as strong a system of public schools as the North largely because of its thinner population22) What effect did the Battle of Oriskany have upon the Iroquois Confederacy?A) it strengthened the faltering 300-year old league of friendship between the tribes, forcing them to present a united front against foreign interferenceB) it persuaded the Confederacy and its tribes, almost to the last man, to cast its lot with the AmericansC) it dissolved the Confederacy and transformed its tribes into the British satellitesD) it pitted the tribes of the Confederacy against one another, splitting them into pro-British and pro-American factions23) The Alien and Sedition Acts passed during the administration of John Adams wereA) just about the only political topic Adams and his vice president, Thomas Jefferson, agreed onB) an attempt by the Federalists to stifle dissent and prevent the growth of the Republican factionC) the greatest achievement of the Adams presidency despite their flawsD) declared constitutional by the Supreme Court24) For the most part, American slave culture represented a complete break from the slaves’ ancestral African culture.A) TrueB) False25) The first European to bring back formal knowledge of North America wasA) John CabotB) Christopher ColumbusC) Ponce de LeonD) Leif Ericsson26) The framers of the Constitution included a clause in the document stipulating that before the new government could go into effect the Constitution had to be approved byA) members of the lower house of Congress under the Articles of ConfederationB) special state conventions in at least nine states, with the delegates being elected by all qualified votersC) the legislatures of all the statesD) members of the upper house of Congress under the Articles of Confederation27) James Madison did not believe that a republic had to be small and homogeneous in order to survive.A) TrueB) False28) The ‘broad construction’ view of the Constitution held that to achieve a constitutional end, Congress could employ any means that were not specifically prohibited by the Constitution.A) TrueB) False29) Which group of people constituted a majority in the representatives assemblies and governors’ councils in 17th century Virginia and Maryland?A) immigrantsB) former indentured servantsC) clergymen and lawyersD) merchants30) Handsome Lake believed that it was in his society’s best interest to modify its traditional gender based division of labor by encouragingA) women to take spiritual vocationsB) men to weave baskets and repair garmentsC) men to rear babiesD) men to do farming chores31) What is the name of the island off the coast of Nicaragua which was the site of a failed Puritan attempt to establish a settlement?A) Corn IslandsB) TobagoC) San Andres IslandD) Providence Island32) What is the name of the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the United States?A) St. Augustine, FloridaB) Oraibi, ArizonaC) Jamestown, VirginiaD) San Antonio, Texas33) Andrew Jackson’s administration wished to remove only the unassimilated or unassimilable southern Indian tribes from the Southeast.A) TrueB) False34) What type of slaves did eighteenth century Virginia planters prefer to buy?A) Muslims over practitioners of other African religionsB) Africans from West Central AfricaC) malesD) Igbos from the Bight of Biafra35) As originally written, most state constitutions drafted during the American RevolutionA) decreased the number of representatives in state legislaturesB) provided for the election of governors directly by the peopleC) lowered the property qualifications for votingD) strengthened the power of governors36) In his Two Treatises of Government, John Locke argued that revolting against a corrupt government is almost never justified; one must work within the system to effect the necessary changesA) TrueB) False37) How did most slaveowners justify their dominance over blacks and therefore justify slavery?A) they viewed themselves as preservers of civility and masculine honorB) they considered themselves stewards of the earth and its bountyC) they saw themselves as guardians of an inferior raceD) they believed they were custodians of a divinely-ordained economy38) How did Shay’s Rebellion affect the view of American leaders about the Articles of Confederation?A) they became convinced that the states’ interests were not served by the Articles, which needed to be entirely discardedB) it caused them to think the Articles were in need of revision toward even less power for the central governmentC) they began to think the Articles were in need of an overhaul in support of stronger central governmentD) it caused them to resist the idea that the Articles could or should be changed39) The French entered the war on the American side as a consequence of the Battle of Saratoga.A) TrueB) False40) In general, upper-class southern women in the antebellum SouthA) were expected to be subordinate to the men in their livesB) were quite active in politics and worldly affairsC) spent most of their time engaged in leisurely pursuitsD) were encouraged to think independently and to attain even the highest levels of education41) What principle did the First Congress establish regulating the president’s powers of hiring and firing the heads of the federal government’s executive departments?A) the president needs the Senate’s approval to fire heads of the federal government’s executive departments, but does not need their approval to hire themB) the president needs the Senate’s approval to hire heads of the federal government’s executive departments, but does not need their approval to fire themC) the president needs Senatorial approval to hire and to fire the heads of the federal government’s executive departmentsD) as part of his plenary executive powers the president can hire and fire heads of the federal government’s executive departments without approval by the Senate42) What principle did the First Congress establish regulating the president’s powers of hiring and firing the heads of the federal government’s executive departments?A) the president needs Senatorial approval to hire and to fire the heads of the federal government’s executive departmentsB) as part of his plenary executive powers the president can hire and fire heads of the federal government’s executive departments without approval by the SenateC) the president needs the Senate’s approval to hire heads of the federal government’s executive departments, but does not need their approval to fire themD) the president needs the Senate’s approval to fire heads of the federal government’s executive departments, but does not need their approval to hire them43) The author of a report to publicize the first attempt by the English to start a North American colonyA) Sir John ColletonB) Thomas HarriotC) Rev. Roger WilliamsD) Sir Walter Raleigh44) Who was the first Secretary of State of the United States?A) Thomas JeffersonB) John HancockC) Benjamin FranklinD) Alexander Hamilton45) One of the consequences of the headright system implemented by the Virginia Company in 1617 wasA) the introduction of tobacco as a cash crop in the Virginia colonyB) economic success for the Virginia Company and its stockholdersC) political stability in the Chesapeake colonies of Virginia and MarylandD) the emergence of large agricultural enterprises in Virginia46) Which American colony’s original charter banned slavery?A) South CarolinaB) GeorgiaC) MarylandD) Virginia47) What European power’s naval force was decisive in helping lead to the defeat of General Cornwallis at Yorktown?A) PortugalB) FranceC) SpainD) Netherlands48) During the course of the American Revolution, patriotsA) patronized neutrals but harassed loyalists and hanged hostilesB) ignored neutrals but harassed loyalists, in some cases so severely that the loyalists went into voluntary exileC) harassed both loyalists and those who remained neutralD) ignored loyalists but badgered neutrals into joining their cause49) Why didn’t free southern blacks who bought their own wives or children usually free them?A) because as slaves they were safer from slave patrols than were free blacksB) owning slaves gave free blacks a measure of prestige with southern whitesC) owning slaves gave a free black the right to voteD) the family members they freed would have to leave the state50) One of the changes seen in the English colonies of North America in the aftermath King George’s War wasA) elimination of rice as a staple crop in South CarolinaB) the greater availability of education for children in New EnglandC) colonists giving up all attempts to produce ironD) the end of Virginia’s dependence on tobacco to sustain its economy