Fill in the words or phrases that best complete the sentence.

Fill in the words or phrases that best complete the sentence.

  1. _______ is the sum of all of the chemical reactions in the body, while _______ refers to chemical reactions that decompose large molecules into smaller ones.
  2. _______ is the chemical reaction in which there is a gain of electrons and it is the opposite of _______.
  3. _______ is a coenzyme that carries hydrogen atoms during coupled _______ reactions in the cell.
  4. _______ is made primarily in the mitochondria by a process called _______.
  5. _______ is a set of reactions in which there is the breakdown of glucose into two molecules of pyruvic acid, and _______ is the formation of glucose molecules from noncarbohydrate sources.
  6. _______ transport lipids in the bloodstream; they include VLDLs, LDLs, and HDLs. In lipolysis, _______ are split into fatty acids and glycerol.
  7. _______ is the molecule that enters the Krebs cycle; it is also used to synthesize fatty acids, ketone bodies, and _______.
  8. _______ is the primary hormone regulating metabolism during the absorptive state; the major task of the _______ state is to maintain the normal blood glucose level.
  9. The metabolic rate observed when a fasting individual is resting but awake and is experiencing comfortable conditions is called the _______. Peripheral _______ allows increased blood flow to superficial tissues of the body to release excess heat.
  10. _______ is the most abundant cation in the extracellular fluid; proper levels of this ion are critical for nerve impulse conduction and maintenance of _______ balance.