Hume’s solution to the problem of free will is based on a distinction between first-order and second-order desires. True False 2.

1. Hume’s solution to the problem of free will is based on a distinction between first-order and second-order desires. 

True 

False

2. According to Hume, free will is defined in terms of fulfilling reasons. 

True 

False

3. According to incompatibilism, it is possible to reconcile determinism and free will.

True 

False 

4. Hume’s view of free will is logically consistent with compatibilism.

True 

False  

5. Determinism is the thesis that, for any event to occur (such as event E), there is a set of past events (say, events A, B, C, D) that are necessary and sufficient to cause E to occur.  

True 

False

6. Searle argues for the view that, even given the presence of the readiness potential, the subject can change her mind and decide not to perform the action in question.    

True 

False

7. According to Waller, a central problem regarding Sartre’s position is that if I completely make myself through my choices, then there seems to be no one originally there to set the choices in motion.

True  

False

8. Searle argues for the view that consciousness is necessary for the problem of free will.  

True 

False

9. Searle argues for a possible connection between free will and quantum events.

True 

False

10. Searle discusses whether the observation of the readiness potential in the brain proves that all of our actions are determined by brain events.

True  

False

11. Schwartz uses PET scans to take pictures of the brain to test the effectiveness of his 4-step cognitive behavioral therapy. 

True 

False

12. According to the libertarian view, the ability to do otherwise is a necessary condition of free will.  

True  

False

13. According to compatibilism, it is possible to reconcile free will and determinism.  

True 

False

14. Sartre’s existentialist view implies that persons do not persist (i.e., retain identity) over time.

True 

False

15. Sartre held that we construct ourselves by the choices we make.   

True 

False

16. Schwartz argues for the view that OCD can be changed by an agent’s voluntary use of attention.  

True 

False

17. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates argues against the immoralist challenge advocated by Thrasymachus.

True 

False 

18. Schwartz argues for the possibility of reconciling indeterminism and free will.  

True 

False

19. According to incompatibilism, the ability to take or refrain from an action (i.e., alternative possibilities) is a necessary condition of free will.

True 

False

20. According to Schwartz, the ability to refocus attention is a crucial step in overcoming OCD.   

True 

False

21. According to Searle, free will would not be possible without conscious deliberation.  

True 

False

22. According to Schwartz’s 4-step cognitive behavioral therapy, conscious voluntary effort is required to overcome OCD. 

True 

False

23. Schwartz argues against epiphenomenalism.

True 

False

24. Schwartz does not use ERP (exposure and response prevention therapy) to help his patients overcome OCD. 

True 

False 

25. Explain how Dr. Jeffrey Schwartz’s research on OCD patients suggests evidence in favor of free will.