. In a study of memory recall, 5 people were given 10 minutes to memorize a list of twenty words. Each was asked to list as many of the words as he or she could remember both 1 hour and 24 hours later. The result is shown in the following table. Number of Words Recalled Subject 1 hour later 24 hours later

1 13 13 2 18 14 3 12 11 4 15 14 5 11 11 Is there evidence to suggest that the mean number of words recalled after 1 hour exceeds the mean recall after 24 hours? Assume we want to use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim.

Subject 1 hour later24 hours later

11313

21814

31211

41514

51111

(a) Identify the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.

(b) Determine the test statistic. Show all work; writing the correct test statistic, without supporting work, will receive no credit.

(c) Determine the P-value. Show all work; writing the correct P-value, without supporting work, will receive no credit.

(d) Is there sufficient evidence to support the claim that the mean number of words recalled after 1 hour exceeds the mean recall after 24 hours? Justify your conclusion.