1. For this paper, you will choose a definition of Modernism as presented in one or more of the following texts: Daniel Albright, “Introduction” to Modernism and Music: An Anthology of Sources (U Chicago Press, 2004), 1-12. Matei Calinescu, Five Faces of Modernity (Duke U Press, 1987), 3-10, 41-46. Carl Dahlhaus, Between Romanticism and Modernism: Four Studies in the Music of the Later Nineteenth Century (UC Press, 1980), 40-45, 71-78. Robert P. Morgan, “Secret Languages: The Roots of Musical Modernism,” Critical Inquiry 10, no. 3 (1984): 442-61. Jochen Schute-Sasse, Forward to Theory of the Avant-Garde by Peter Bürger (U of Minnesota Press, 1984), vii-xv. Joseph Straus, Remaking the Past: Musical Modernism and the Influence of the Tonal Tradition (Harvard U Press, 1990), 1-20. 2. Using “Mahler Symphony No. 1″, compose an essay in which you: o Present the definition of modernism according to one or more sources o Explore the ways that your chosen piece either does or does not fit into this definition of modernism o Explain how this definition affects our understanding of the piece. This can include issues of social history, reception history, musical analysis, or performance considerations. 3. i had someone wrote this paper for me before but professor said there has—-i will attach the essay with the professor comment . 4. for the essay please use your own word to explain the the definition 5. also need to cite the Score ” Mahler Symphony No. 1″—Norton anthology of western music Book by J. Peter Burkholder volume 3