200 words 1 nursing journal reference within 5 yrs. response to peer
Roy’s Adaptation Model
Roy’s Adaptation Model was developed in 1976 by Sister Callista Roy and consists of four main concepts: person, health, environment, and nursing (Nursing Theory, 2016). According to this model, individuals are in continuous interaction with their changing environments and different types of mechanisms are used to adapt to these changing situations (Nursing Theory, 2016). The goal of this model is to promote adaptation in all of the four main concepts, which contributes to health, quality of life, and dying with dignity (Nursing Theory, 2016). This type of model can be used for patients recently diagnosed with a chronic illness and functions as a tool to carry out medical procedures (Sayed, 2015).
Type II diabetes is a growing concern nationwide, and half the battle to controlling the negative long term effects is the modification of lifestyle behaviors. In order for an individual to make these behavior modifications, one must adapt to their type II diabetes diagnosis. The chosen research article focuses on evaluating the effects of Roy’s adaptation model on the quality of life among diabetic patients (Sayed, 2015). A quasi-experimental study was performed using 60 randomly divided diabetic patients, they were placed in either an experimental or control group. The study used a pretest/posttest method to collect their data. Once the initial data was collected, five 2-hour educational classes were given over a month time period. Some of the material discussed during these classes include: nature of diabetes, causes, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, early and late complications of diabetes, effects of exercise on diabetes, stress and anxiety, nutrition, and self-esteem. A posttest was given and it was found that using Roy’s adaptation model did positively affect some aspects of the quality of life of these diabetics. The areas positively affected include: diabetes control, social support, energy and mobility. Adaptation to any situation is crucial to one’s quality of life and happiness, nurses can aid in this process with the use of this adaption model.