which sociological perspective notes that organized school prayer could reinforce the religious beliefs, rotuals. and interests of the powerful and

which sociological perspective notes that organized school prayer could reinforce the religious beliefs, rotuals. and interests of the powerful and violate the rights of the powerless?1. (TCO 1). Sociology:(Points: 5)is the systematic study of social behavior and human groupsfocuses primarily on the influence of social relationships upon people’s attitudes and behavior, as well as the influence of people’s attitudes and behavior upon social relationshipsfocuses on how societies are established and changeall of the above2. (TCO 1). The study of how contemporary societies develop and change is know (Points: 5)biologyanthropologysociologypsychology3. (TCO 3). Critics of television often suggest that executives of major television networks and movie corporations are white, wealthy males, who decide what programs or movies will be produced and which directors and actors will obtain jobs in the industry. This analysis reflects the:(Points: 5)functionalist perspectiveconflict perspectiveinteractionist perspectiveglobal perspective4. (TCO 2). Which one of the following disciplines investigates personality and individual behavior?(Points: 5)HistoryPsychologyPolitical ScienceSociology5. (TCO 2). People may behave differently in artificial situations than they would in the “real world.” This poses a particular problem for researchers using:(Points: 5)questionnairescontent analysisreplicationlaboratory experiments6. (TCO 4). The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas is referred to as:(Points: 5)innovationdiscoveryglobalizationdiffusion7. (TCO 4). The statement, “attempts to create bilingualism in the United States represent subordinate language minorities seeking opportunities of self-expression,” reflects the views of which sociological perspective?(Points: 5)Functionalist perspectiveConflict perspectiveInteractionist perspectiveGlobal perspective8. (TCO 4) Philip Zimbardo’s study of a simulated prison environment that used college students as prisoners and prison guards:(Points: 5)indicated that it is impossible to replicate a “real life” situation in a laboratorydemonstrated that a social structure can influence the type of social interactions that occurindicated that social interactions are not influenced by social structure characteristicsall of the above9. (TCO 3). The teacher-expectancy effect reflects the views of which sociological perspective? (Points: 5)functionalistfeministinteractionistglobalist10. (TCO 4). Harry Harlow’s research with rhesus monkeys indicated that:(Points: 5)early childhood deprivation could always be reversed with intense resocializationthe ill effects of being raised in isolation were often irreversiblethere was no comparison between the development of the monkeys and human developmentmidlife deprivation was more serious than early childhood deprivation11. (TCO 4). The increased recitation of “The Pledge of Allegiance” and the singing of the “Star-Spangled Banner” to reinforce patriotism following the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks on New York City and Washington D.C. is an example of which functional prerequisite?(Points: 5)Replacing personnelPreserving orderProviding and maintaining a sense of purposeTeaching new recruits12. (TCO 3). Which of the following perspectives is most likely to be concerned about the quality of childcare due to the lack of governmental support for childcare workers that earn less per hour than food(Points: 5)FunctionalistsConflict TheoristsFeministsboth B and C13. (TCO 1). As a response to the AIDS epidemic, new social networks have emerged that care for the sick, educate the healthy, and lobby for more responsive public policies. The creation of these new networks represents the interests of which sociological perspective?(Points: 5)Functionalist perspectiveConflict and feminist perspectivesInteractionist perspectiveGlobal perspective14. (TCO 4). A group is any number of people:(Points: 5)with similar norms, values, and expectations who regularly and consciously interactwho happen to be together in the same place (e.g., passengers)who share a common feature (e.g., hair color) but do not interactall of the above15. (TCO 5). Which one of the following would be an example of a bureaucratic dysfunction?(Points: 5)The Peter PrincipleEmployees deprived of a voice in decision-makingThe stifling of initiative and imaginationAll of the above16. (TCO 5). The space shuttle Columbia disaster of 2003 was attributed to mechanical failure and:(Points: 5)the bureaucratic culture of NASAlack of qualified volunteersfailure of primary group relationsall of the above17. (TCO 3). Which sociological perspective is most likely to be concerned with television distorting gender roles and stereotyping, often rooted in the media’s willingness to promote more traditional views?(Points: 5)Functionalist perspectiveglobal perspectiveInteractionist perspectiveFeminist perspective18. (TCO 5). Employees who work full-time or part-time at home rather than in an outside office and who are linked to their supervisors and colleagues through computer terminals, phones, and fax machines are referred to as:(Points: 5)Gemeinschaftbureaucratsinterfacerstelecommuters19. (TCO 5). Which characteristic did sociologist Darnell Hunt suggest would be most likely to affect the interpretations of news coverage events by social audiences?(Points: 5)genderclassoccupationrace20. (TCO 5). In Robert Merton’s terms, people who over zealously and cruelly enforce bureaucratic regulations can be classified as: (Points: 5)ritualistrebelsinnovatorsretreatists1. (TCO 6). An inner-city youth spends many hours in the neighborhood playground, shooting baskets on the basketball court and engaging in every game that he can play. His skills become outstanding and he receives a college scholarship and then signs a lucrative contract to play in the National Basketball Association. This is an example of: (Points: 5)achieved statusascribed statushorizontal mobilitystructural mobility2. (TCO 9). Social change refers to: (Points: 5)a theory that holds that society is moving in a specific directiona view of society as tending toward instabilitya view that society is moving in several different directions at the same timesignificant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture, including norms and value3. (TCO 9) Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities are known as:(Points: 5)reverse discriminationquotaspluralismaffirmative action4. (TCO 7). Which of the following is an example of serial monogamy? (Points: 5)Dave is married to Sheila, but they get divorced and he marries Marlene. After they get divorced, he marries Janet, and when she dies, he marries LorraineMaria is married to Juan. Juan dies and Maria marries CarlosSteve shares an apartment with Bonnie for five years, but then he marries Jessica and they buy a home of their ownboth A and B5. (TCO 9). Which sociological perspective would be most interested in studying how the introduction of an affirmative action program in a factory affects workplace relationships among employees? (Points: 5)functionalistconflictinteractionistglobalist6. (TCO 4). Capitalism is an economic system in which:(Points: 5)means of production are largely in private hands, and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profitsall property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people’s ability to producethe means of production and distribution are collectively ownednone of the above7. (TCO 2). Which of the following is not part of the code of ethics for social science researchers (Points: 5)preserving confidentialityprotecting subjects form personal harmprotecting the privacy of the subjectsmaking all research notes available for public scrutiny8. (TCO 1). Children who experience divorce in their families are more likely to experience divorce themselves when they are adults. This is an example of a (Points: 5)dysfunction of familieslatent function of familiesmanifest function of familiesproactive function of families9. (TCO 9). A group of individuals form a protest movement to stop the destruction of the Brazilian rain forest, the spread of businesses into wildlife refuges in the United States, and other examples of environmental destruction through expansion and industrial pollution. This group would be an example of:(Points: 5)gemeinschafttechnocratsvested interestsBear liberals10. (TCO 2). The statement, “people who live in poverty have shorter life expectancies than wealthier citizens,” is an example of:(Points: 5)causal logica correlationan independent variablethe Hawthorne effect11. (TCO 2). The statement, “working mothers are more likely to have delinquent children than are mothers who do not work outside the home,” is an example of:(Points: 5)causal logica correlationan independent variablethe Hawthorne effect12. (TCO 6). A recent analysis of newspaper coverage of female gubernatorial candidates indicated that:(Points: 5)newspaper coverage focused on a female candidate’s personal life, appearance, or personality more than a male’snewspaper articles are more likely to illustrate political issues with statements made by female candidatesnewspapers often fail to cover the political rallies of female candidatesmale and female candidates have received equal treatment by the news media in recent elections13. (TCO 3). Which sociological perspective would suggest that teaching of creationism and social integration of sacred and profane traditions helps to transmit dominant culture and encourage social cohesion?(Points: 5)Functionalist perspectiveConflict perspectiveInteractionist perspectiveGlobal perspective14. (TCO 3). Which sociological perspective notes that organized school prayer could reinforce the religious beliefs, rituals, and interests of the powerful and violate the rights of the powerless?(Points: 5)Functionalist perspectiveConflict perspectiveInteractionist perspectiveAnomie perspective15. (TCO 6). Sociologist W.E. Du Bois suggested in the early 1900s that institutionalization of unwed mothers was occurring:(Points: 5)due to the independent functions of the familydual income marriagesin segregated facilitiesbecause of divorce16. (TCO 6). Which one of the following statements represents a conflict analysis of the elderly in the United States? (Points: 5)The wisdom of the elderly is viewed as no longer relevant as the production methods change in society.Working class people are more dependent on Social Security benefits that barely keep pace with escalating costs of necessities.The privileged position of the upper class generally leads to better health and vigor and to less likelihood of dependency in old age.all of the above17. (TCO 5). In sociological terms, members of a minority group:(Points: 5)experience unequal treatmentare outnumbered by the dominant groupspeak a different language than the dominant groupare members of a different religious group than the dominant group18. (TCO 5). A Colombian woman and an Italian man, working together as members of a construction crew, overcome their initial prejudices and come to appreciate each other’s talents and strengths. This is an example of:(Points: 5)the self-fulfilling prophecythe contact hypothesisexploitation theoryamalgamation19. (TCO 4). An inner-city youth spends many hours in the neighborhood playground, shooting baskets on the basketball court and engaging in every game that he can play. His skills become outstanding, and he receives a college scholarship and then signs a lucrative contract to play in the National Basketball Association. This is an example of:(Points: 5)achieved statusascribed statushorizontal mobilitystructural mobility20. (TCO 4). Which of the following did Max Weber suggests were analytically distinct components of stratification?(Points: 5)conformity, deviance, and social controlclass, caste, and ageclass, prestige, and esteemclass, status, and power